Snoring is a common condition characterized by loud, harsh sounds produced during sleep. It occurs when the flow of air through the mouth and nose is partially blocked, leading to vibrations in the tissues of the throat. These vibrations create the sound we associate with snoring. The main factors contributing to snoring include: Relaxation of the muscles: During sleep, the muscles in the back of the throat, including the tongue, soft palate, and uvula, tend to relax. This relaxation narrows the airway and obstructs the smooth flow of air, causing snoring. Obstructed nasal passages: Blocked or congested nasal passages due to allergies, sinus infections, deviated septum, or nasal polyps can lead to snoring. When the nasal passages are partially obstructed, breathing through the nose becomes difficult, forcing a person to breathe through the mouth, which can contribute to snoring. Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the likelihood of snoring. Extra fatty tissue around the neck and throat can put pressure on the airway, narrowing it and causing snoring. Sleep position: Sleeping on your back often makes snoring more likely. In this position, the tongue and soft tissues can fall back, partially blocking the airway and leading to snoring. Sleeping on your side may help reduce snoring. It’s important to note that snoring can range from mild to severe and may be a symptom of a more serious condition called sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is characterized by repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep, leading to decreased oxygen levels in the body. If you or someone you know experiences loud and chronic snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, or gasping during sleep, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and appropriate treatment.
Dr Anjana Unnikrishnan MBBS ,
MS ENT, CEO and Chief ENT surgeon
Dr Anjana’s ENT and Superspeciality Centre Kakkanad & Welcare Hospital